Franco Vaccari

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Since the middle of the 1960s, the Italian artist Franco Vaccari has developed a series of exhibition projects conceived in real time. Invited at the 1972 Venice Biennale, entitled “Work or Behavior?”, he conceived of a project called “Exhibition in real time,” suggesting “photography as an action rather than as contemplation.” Vaccari is the first artist to set up a functioning photobooth in an exhibition space and to make it available for public use. He encourages visitors to have their portrait taken and to display it on the walls, before giving them a certificate for their participation. This collective piece created together with visitors led to the accumulation of more than 40 000 photobooth portraits and testifies of the public attendance; the public being the main subject and protagonist of the piece. (Credit: Esposizione in tempo reale num. 4: Lascia su queste pareti una traccia fotografica del tuo passaggio [Exposition en temps réel num. 4: Laisse une trace photographique de ton passage sur les cimaises] (Christo Vladimiroff Javacheff dit Christo) © Franco Vaccari, property of the artist)