Cindy Sherman

Since the middle of the 1970s, the American artist Cindy Sherman explores photography’s fictional dimension. Her self-representations decipher the mechanisms of stereotyped representational modes of feminine identity and body. The artist portrays the codes of conventional imagery as promoted by contemporary popular culture (cinema, mass media, fashion) and also focuses on more historical sources such as fairy tales or pictorial portrait tradition. The diversity in her work reveals a genuine fascination and capacity for self-transformation. The evocative qualities of her pseudo-portraits also reveal the illusory nature of the construction of an identity through the image. Sherman impersonates the famous American actress Lucille Ball and chooses the evocative atmosphere of the photobooth to create an emblematic image of the 1930s and 1940s. Dated 1975, this work announces the series Untitled Film Stills that will make her famous in the early 1980s. (Credit: Untitled © Courtesy of the Artist, Metro Pictures, collection Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne)